Epoch-making breakthrough electric generator

Epoch-making breakthrough electric generator 

Author: David Judbarovski, systems engineering, principle inventor, 

judbarovski@gmail.com

Abstract

Invented heterodyne antenna thermo electric generator is very cheap and small and light and without any moving parts. Its energy efficiency is near 100%. Carnot limit is not relevant. 

For example, a hybrid electric vehicle can use four times less fuels vs. ICE, so generating four times less exhausts, and I have developed a technology for very mass and cheap extraction CO2 from the air. 

Disclosure for experts 

(for lighter understanding see a popular but clear introduction below

Antenna is jointed with radiators, heated by heat carrier or by any combustible or by solar beams concentrator. The said radiator emits a band of EM waves of about 100 THz interfered each with the others forming envelope band, can be filtered by the said antenna resonators of much less frequencies into electricity with high energy efficiency that can reach near 100% especially after recuperation of exhaust heat.

If using Plank’s Law on-line calculator for blackbody, the Radiant emittance is W = 50.8 kW/m2, and if Band Radiance chosen to be 10 THz around maximum, at 700 Celsius the said efficiency is 92%. and 109 kW/m2, 76% at 900 C. CAPEX is an order of magnitude cheaper than secondary battery 

Popular introduction for lighter understanding

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Novel generation of cars of all practical excellences

Novel generation of cars of all practical excellences 

Author: David Judbarovski, systems engineering, principle inventor. retired 

Background 

While any personal electrical car inherently has much simpler and cheaper mechanics, their electric motors are sufficiently losing energy efficiency out of rated speed. Moreover, its battery’s charging is inherently big problem being either very long-term one, or needs extremely big power. Yes, it is clean energy or sufficiently cleaner one, but inherently very expensive device of small lifetime. Hybrid car is inherent harmful exhaust

Abstract 

My invention is an electric car can be pilotless It is fueled by any combustible, but I have developed very effective and cheap technology to extract carbon dioxide from the air. Moreover, it uses five times less fuels vs. ICE, so generating five times less exhausts. Its electric generator is very cheap and small and light and without any moving parts.  

Disclosure for experts 

Super economical engine is fed by array of alternated antennas coupled with radiators, heated by heat carrier or by any combustible. The said radiator emits a band of EM waves of about 100 THz interfered each with the others forming envelope of much lower frequencies, e.g. 10 THz, can be detected by the said antenna into electricity with high energy efficiency, can reach near 100% after recuperation of exhaust heat.

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Super economical antenna based engine

Super economical antenna based engine

Author: David Judbarovski, systems engineering, principle inventor, retired 

judbarovski@gmail.com 

Abstract 

Super economical engine is fed by array of alternated antennas coupled with radiators, heated by heat carrier or by any combustible. The said radiator emits a band of EM waves of about 100 THz interfered each with the others forming envelope of much lower frequencies, e.g. 10 THz, can be detected by the said antenna into electricity with high energy efficiency, can reach near 100% after recuperation of exhaust heat. 

If using Plank’s Law on-line calculator for blackbody, the Radiant emmitance  is W = 50.8 kW/m2, and if Band Radiance chosen at 10 THz around maximum, at 700 Celsius the said efficiency is 92%. and and 109 kW/m2, 76% at 900 C, but with much cheaper CAPEX  being more than an order of magnitude cheaper than secondary battery  

Breakthrough hybrid of heavy ship with aircraft

Breakthrough hybrid of heavy ship with aircraft 

Author: David Judbarovski, systems engineering, principle inventor, retired 

It is a further perfecting of my conception of high speed heavy ship, now can fly and land on sea surface. It operates another than Boeing Pelican being ground effect fixed-wing aircraft. My concept is much more a ship than an aircraft, so very economical transport and needs less area of wings. The Boing Pelican is quite bad conception, because in modern wars such heavy transport being hit in high altitude, it would be fatal consequences.  

Key ideas of my concept of a sea transport, breaking all stereotypes, and its theoretical consideration were described in “Novel fast and heavy ship, Corrected on 5.10.2020”, https://judbarovski.blogspot.com/2020/10 , was posted on 8.10.2020. 

Petrol cheapening

Petrol cheapening

Author: David Judbarovski, systems engineering, princiole inventor 

judbarovski@gmail.com 

Abstract 

NG extracted at production site, it is reformed by water steam in CO2 and H2, cheaply cleanable, and then transformed, using additional portion of CO2 in clean petrol being more cheaper than market prices of crude oil and much cheaper than refined one, The total system of production and usage produces less greenhouses and twice more energy effective, being reformed back in CO2 frozen to be divided, and H2 used for fuel cells.   

 (1) CH4 (NG-natural gas) + 2 H2O (water steam) = CO2 + 4 H2 + gaseous pollutants

(a) it is endothermic reaction consuming 254 kJ / mole can be produced by additional 254 kJ / 64/ 16 = 0.25 mole CH4, but can be substituted by clean and cheap renewable energy  

(b) CO2 and 4 H2 are cleaned from the pollutants cheaply by some water aerated and mineralized

(2) 4/3 CO2 + 4 H2 = 4/3 (CH2) (petrol) + 8/3 H2O recycled = it is exothermic reaction 

Moreover, it extracts CO2 from the air, and not pollutes it.  

Moreover, being a liquid fuel, it much more suitable and cheaper in transportation and usage.

The NG at its production sites is cheap (averaged cost is about USD 50.0/1000 m3 = USD 70 /ton, and 1.0 ton of NG can create 1.33/1.25 = 1.065 ~= 1.0 ton of pure petrol ready as a transport fuel, so such petrol would be about USD 70.0/ton = USD 10.0/bbl as OPEX plus about USD 25.0/bbl CAPEX, and totally USD 35/bbl = USD 1.0/gallon, so some times cheaper than gasoline at refueling stations.

Moreover, such petrol is needed in 1.5-2.0 less quantity per the same mileage vs. ICE or hybrid engine (see “Vehicles fueling by reforming hydrocarbons” posted on 20.12.2020 in https://judbarovski.blogspot.com/2020/12 )    -   













Catastrophic threat for mankind can be prevented

Mapping the global threat of land subsidence


  1. Gerardo Herrera-García, 
  2. Pablo Ezquerro, 
  3. Roberto Tomás, 
  4. Marta Béjar-Pizarro, 
  5. Juan López-Vinielles, 
  6. Mauro Rossi, 
  7. Rosa M. Mateos, 
  8. Dora Carreón-Freyre, 
  9. Livin in 
  10. Pietro Teatini, 
  11. Enrique Cabral-Cano, 
  12. Gilles Erkens, 
  13. Devin Galloway, 
  14. Wei-Chia Hung, 
  15. Najeebullah Kakar, 
  16. Michelle Sneed, 
  17. Luigi Tosi, 
  18. Hanmei Wang, 
  19. Shujun Ye


  1. Email: g.herrera@igme.es

Science  01 Jan 2021:
Vol. 371, Issue 6524, pp. 34-36
DOI: 10.1126/science.abb8549 

The said researchers predict after many years global investigations and scientific modeling, that 19% the world population now living in 23% of largest cities on 12 million km2 are under threat of land subsidence can ruin them, because underground water and minerals resources exploiting. 

It took me a few minutes to calculate and evaluate with big reserve that conservative decision to prevent the said threat would need less than 0.3% World GDP and 0.4% present electricity consume, or about 1.0% regional ones would be enough to prevent the said threat by restoring the underwater environment by conventional 100% water recycling, but restoring by desalinated sea water loading underground..   

   conserrt

What is better for NG and oil economics

What is better for fossil fuel economics?  

Author: David Judbarovski, systems engineer, principle inventor 

judbarovski@gmail.com 

This could halve the global market of oil and gas for transport, and collapse exporters’ economics…but save global environment and money and health of consumers. 

 

I wrote (see “Vehicles’ fueling by reformed hydrocarbons”, posted 20.12.2020 in https://judbarovski.blogspot.com/2020/12 ): 

“The purified NG/liquid hydrocarbons is reformed by the water steam in excess quantity and at high temperature creating a gaseous mix of hydrogen and carbon dioxide in moles ratio of 

4:1 directly on-board of a vehicle. 

The said steam reforming is endothermic and consumes about 210 Joules/mol.

The said carbon dioxide is poisoning the most types of fuel cells, and has to be divided from hydrogen, e.g. to reform in “dry ice”, i.e. a solid form of the carbon dioxide. It consumes negligible another 25 Joules

The said hydrogen is fueling an air-hydrogen fuel call to produce electricity in quantity about 4 * 286 * 0.67 = 770 Joules for NG, and 575 Joules for oil, moving the vehicle with energy efficiency about 45 % vs. about 23% for ICE 

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Power boosting of commercial PV-panels

Power boosting of commercial PV-panels, re edited 

Author: David Judbarovski, systems engineering, principle inventor, retired 

judbarovski@gmail.com   

Abstract

The commercial PV panel is exposed to the sun and a thin film reflector adds more sun to it

For sunny regions of subtropics, it is totally 160 % solar power of the said PV-panel and can be cheaply controlled vs. conventional two axis tracking, needs more heavy and costly mechanics. The reflector is attached to one side of the said PV panel 

If the sun is at A-angle to horizon and tracking reflector being at B-angle to horizon, and B = 45 + A/2 > A, the solar flux is reflected perpendicularly on such panel 

For 1.0 m2 panel, optimized W(kWh) ~= (Direct Normal Irradiation = 2400 kWh/yr.) * (0.85 * Sr * (Sin (B – A) = Cos B) + Sin A + 0.15). here Sr = 2 m2 is the reflector area. 

For example, for Israel and South Australia, a 1.0 m2 panel of 18% efficiency can produce about 800.0 kWh/yr. electricity. At present price of PV module being USD  0.2/Wp, it would be 0.9 cent/kWh at 5 years payback. 

Breeding investment can cheapen such electricity practically to zero... 

Vehicles’ fueling by reformed hydrocarbons

Vehicles’ fueling by reformed hydrocarbons 

Author: David Judbarovski, systems engineering, principle inventor, retired 

judbarovski@gmail.com

Abstract

Full cycle of a vehicle fueling by purified hydrocarbons reformed by water steam would consume twice less fuel than by Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)

It is:

(1) The oil/NG purification after its extraction from the production wells and before transportation to consumers. 

For that purpose, the oil/NG contaminants are avoided either by the aerated seawater or by its analog in a form of mineralized fresh water aerated too. 

(2) The purified oil is refined by a refinery. 

(3) The purified NG/liquid hydrocarbons is reformed by the water steam in excess quantity and at high temperature creating a gaseous mix of hydrogen and carbon dioxide in moles ratio of 4 : 1, directly on-board of a vehicle. 

The said steam reforming is endothermic and consumes about 210 Joules/mol.

(4) The said carbon dioxide is poisoning the most types of fuel cells, and has to be divided from hydrogen, e.g. to reform in “dry ice”, i.e. a solid form of the carbon dioxide. It consumes negligible another 25 Joules

(5) The said hydrogen is fueling an air-hydrogen fuel call to produce electricity in quantity about 4 * 286 * 0.67 = 770 Joules for NG, and 575 Joules for oil, moving the vehicle with energy efficiency about 45 % vs. about 23% for ICE  

.  

Breakthrough compact and powerful solar concentrator

Breakthrough compact and powerful solar concentrator 

Author: David Judbarovski, systems engineering, principle inventor 

judbarovski@gmail.com 

Abstract 

It is a way to improve dramatically solar concentrator and my two mirrors’ system of about USD 15.0/m2 in particular. Being a bit higher than a tilted dish concentrator, planar mirror redirects solar beams on the said dish. It allows the gap between them to diminish maximally, not losing a full solar flux, because 3-D shading. Moreover, for north regions the said planar mirror’s area and the said gap are sufficiently smaller than for sunny South. 

Because deployment area of solar power plants can be very critical for small industrial countries, my abovementioned design of solar concentrator conjugated with my solar heterodyne at its motionless focal spot (see it and some other breakthrough improvements in engineering and economics in my article “Way to rehab solar power fiasco, 01.12.2020”, posted on 01.12.2020 in https://judbarovski.blogspot.com/2020/12 ), they allow extremely cheap electricity much cheaper than USD 0.01/kWh and its autonomous supply, needs for emergency, e.g. wars and so on, the all can be even if for northern regions..